The wine culture dates away back in history. Since the very beginning of the exploration of this art, there had a great too many engaged in improving this so-tasty drinking. There are as many vineyard management techniques and variations as there are growers and winemakers, so a fresh and animated overview like this one could never hope to approach all its big variety and particularities. But by learning some of the jargons can be very helpful if you want to adventure yourself on this incredible world, this general and explicative approaching of vine differences will give you some clue about it.
Acid: It would be correct to link it with lemon and/or orange juice. This item is one of a few fundamental components in grapes and ultimately in wine. Generally speaking, winemakers and growers try to balance in what they taste: A good acidity to make vivid flavors, but to pucker is the only recourse. Like tannins, acids help give the correct structure to a wine.
The acidity level can also be an indication of ripeness – in other words: Fully developed or matured and ready to be drunk. The same time grapes get a good ripeness, the quantity of acid in them decreases as the sugar in them inversely grows: winemakers want to harvest grapes when the two are in balance, and while laboratory work will usually tell them when they are close, it's ultimately a question of experience and particular preference.
Sometime in the spring ending, the vines will offer up spindly little pod clusters. Ultimately, these pod clusters will bloom and become flowers, each of which, in turn, will turn into a grape if growers are lucky. Growers refer to the whole process as “Bloom”.
Brix and/or Degrees
It is spelled the same way as “bricks”, but is written differently. It is one of the weirdest terms winemakers use. "Brix" is really a measure of the amount of sugar in the juice. Since the fermentation process takes the sugar in juice and turns it into alcohol, Brix also announces winemakers how much alcoholic a wine will be, when ready. These three important winemaking processes are just a few of many others. Since the harvesting and culminating on your glass, there is a full chronology to wine to make. All these phases will result on the final taste of this so-appreciated drinking.